Zabljak, Montenegro (Jun 21)
Chartres, France (Jun 21)
“We could steal time just for one day.”
Split, Croatia (Jun 21)
Versailles, France (June 21)
Kotor, Montenegro (Jun 21)
“Though nothing, will keep us together
We could steal time, just for one day.”
Kotor, Montenegro (Jun 21)
May 29, 2021
Archeology Final Paper
Picture by CROW CANYON ARCHEOLOGICAL CENTER
PART 1: THE ARCHEOLOGICAL PROCESS
The Archeological Process has many steps that best describe how an archeologist and other experts do their work while on site. While studying the different steps, it is interesting to see how detailed oriented they must be to excavate grounds and find little pieces of historical evidence. The steps of the archeological process include finding a site, surveying, and examining the ground, define activity zones and a certain area excavated, documentation, and completed in an organized report.
When it comes to the location of an archeological site, there are many details to consider such as the safety of the site, close to an access to drinking water, fertility of land, near some roads, and other resources. The site that is chosen may be seen from the surface or could be below the ground. As soon as the archaeological site is decided then construction to the grounds would begin. At most sites though, a “pedestrian surface survey” is conducted before getting started as this helps them document all the items they find above the surface. By doing this survey beforehand, it gives a better idea of what items may be found during the excavation.
The context of the site such as the duration, function, and the environment must also be examined. The site then goes through two different processes which are the ‘depositional’ process and the ‘post depositional’ process. The depositional process shows what has happened to the site throughout history when it was being used. The post depositional process is the time where the site was no longer in use by humans, and this also includes natural circumstances.
During the excavations it helps to put together activity zones which will then help the archeologist understand what happened in that exact spot they may find remains. One way they are able to understand what activity took place is by excavating in small trenches which helps them see more of the layers of the settlement. Excavations are often put together by squares on a grid to help show the area they are specifically working on.
As the excavation is taking place, everything that is found is documented. These documents no only share about the finds but also include pictures, sometimes drawings, as well as the elevation that day. By the end of the excavation a report will be put together of detailed information of all the finds, everything about the site, and anything else. After the report is complete it is then published and all the finds are turned into the “Israel Antiquities Authority.”
The Archeological Process is then complete until the next one of course.
Picture by BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY
PART 2: MAIN ISSUES FROM THE CHALCOLITHIC PERIOD IN ISRAEL
We learned about numerous periods in Israel while studying Archeology such as the Chalcolithic Period, Early Bronze, Intermediate Bronze Ages, Middle Bronze, and Late Bronze. All these periods have great detailed information of what was discovered in the location of their sites but also shares some issues they ran into as well. The Chalcolithic Period is the one that sticks out the most as it talks about the beauty of the art objects found.
The Ghassulian culture was the main culture in the Chalcolithic Period and the main site that was studied was called Teleilat Ghassul. Unlike the Early Bronze Age where many public buildings were found, the architecture found in this period were mainly houses called “broad houses” as well as some burrows in the Beersheba region. Beautiful pottery and jars used for storage was mainly found in these locations and is grouped together as the “Ghassulain material culture.”
Now the Chalcolithic Period, like the other periods in Israel did have the potential of having objects and settlement destroyed by natural disasters or migration of people throughout the years. If this happened, then the layers of the settlement may not have the newer items on top and the older ones on the bottom. This could cause the evidence of what they have found to be a little inaccurate. On example of this is when the settlement in the Early Bronze Age seemed to match more of the Chalcolithic Period.
As each period varies in what they find and shows even more evidence of how civilization once use to live, it is interesting to think that they can get an idea of what it looked like just from pieces dug up from the ground. Though mentioned before that there can be disasters or events that mess up the settlement and may not give an accurate reading of what an archeologist may find, it’s still a start and the best evidence we have in knowing history.
Picture by PEDIAA
PART 3: SOURCES AVAILABLE TO RECONSTRUCTING HISTORY
Archeological finds and the Hebrew Bible are two great sources in helping reconstruct history. Pottery, stone tools, and other artifacts that have been found in Israel also help us understand and reconstruct history. Pottery was the item most found in Israel and depending on the context of the item, it can help determine what period it might have come from using “functional typology.” Flint tools and mortars can help give an indication of what technology or architecture found in that period. If any art objects are found, this can give us an understanding of what they believed or felt then when it was being created. When bronze or iron is found it correlates to weapons or even coins which helps date the item. All these objects can help date an item but C14 is the most common way used when they find things that was once living. It is like science, history, and even technology work together in a way to find the date of an object.
Also used power points, videos, and documents that we learned from in this class.
Devona’s final paper/project consists of two parts worth 20 points each and a third part worth 5 points: the first part will examine the student’s criticism capabilities of the archaeological process. The second will examine the student’s knowledge and understanding of the main issues concerning a specific time period in the archaeology of Palestine/Israel. The third will deal with the sources available for reconstructing history.
May 29, 2021
Interpreting Tel Aphek
It is with unsurprising regularity that a guest on PBS’s Antiques Roadshow is disappointed to discover that the early American artifact they have had in their family for ages is not three hundred years old and precious, but actually, a fifty-year-old replica and the reason it passed so plausibly is that it is poorly cared for, not because it is valuable. Our hopes for the authenticity of an object often prevent us from seeing the clues pointing towards any other origin story than the one upon which one has set their heart. This is true for hundred-year-old antiques and even more true for three-thousand-year-old remains in the Holy Land, the location of hundreds of archaeological digs. Each team working on the site arrives with their own expectations for what is embedded within each stratum of dirt based on political, cultural, ethnic, and religious biases. The hope is that through professional and measurable archaeological techniques, what is found beneath our feet can be cataloged and recorded in such a way that a realistic and accurate picture of life in the Levant region of the Bronze and Iron Ages, what was once Canaan, can be understood. Some of the evidence seems to validate the stories from Joshua, Judges, and Kings, but some do not. Despite the challenges, archaeologists continue to dig in the hopes of making clear the dusty past.
How does an historical city become buried in the earth, and how does an archaeological team uncover it? It is helpful to review the findings at Tel Aphek, a site called Area X situated just a short drive Northwest of modern-day Jerusalem. As one would see today, there is a sizable Ottoman-era fortress upon an earthworks mound. This site is already old, with the surface structures long abandoned by Ottoman Turks who built the fortress, but underneath the surface is a peeling-back of history to the Middle Bronze Age in the third millennium BCE. Anyone who has seen modern construction knows that to build a stable structure, first, one must build a level foundation. One way to establish that foundation is to excavate a flat ground, but when the safest location for a city is atop a hill, it is better to fill in the space on a hill and build on top of that fill. The earthen fill creates a packed layer of soil to build upon, but it also buries and hides whatever is under it, and only by digging down can one uncover what is there. Teams have found under the Ottoman fortress at Tel Aphek both Israelite and Philistine settlements from the Iron Age and Canaanite settlements from the Late Bronze and Middle Bronze Age (Finkelstein 599).
To uncover these sites, a team uses strategic digging techniques intended to disturb as little of the site as possible to prevent displacing objects when unprepared to catalog them appropriately. Using surface reconnaissance in areas suspected to hold evidence of human activity, archaeological teams decide where to dig based on the discovery of sherds, coins, or other metal artifacts, or depressions in the soils which appear to match man-made structures. Other times, modern demolition will uncover material culture that is obviously from an historic site, and a quick archaeological salvage effort will take place before the area is destroyed. In the early twentieth century and before, teams would dig a square locus of soil, ten centimeters at a time, and record their findings as they were discovered. But in the early modern era, a British team lead by Mortimer Wheeler and expanded by Kathleen Kenyan began a more intentional digging practice which came to be known as the Wheeler-Kenyan Method of excavation. In this new method, a locus would be dug carefully while taking note of changes in the soil structure and keeping any material culture found in a soil stratum and separated into baskets labeled with benchmarks from the stratigraphy. Using this method allowed teams to keep track of which material culture went with which strata and make it possible to compare the bulks in different loci to use the soil benchmarks to keep track of strata across a site.
If one were digging in Tel Aphek, the stratigraphy would look something like this: The surface soil is Ottoman Era backfill of soil, hard-packed into the floor of a fort. Next, the Ottomans filled a layer of earth, with material culture from the surrounding area randomly embedded within it as the soil was disturbed by the filling. Also within is the Iron Age walls and material culture in situ as it was buried by the Ottomans when filling. Below this is the dirt filled in by the Philistines or Israelites who built here when establishing the citadel on the previous remains of the Canaanite, or possibly Egyptian city built in the Late bronze era. By cataloging finds as they were discovered, layer by layer, different findings can be attributed to the Age to which it belongs.
But what has this to do with the risk of misattributing a find because of one’s presuppositions? Compare two different Iron Age discoveries- Jericho, which was carefully cataloged by Kenyon of the Wheeler-Kenyon method of stratigraphy whose goal was to determine if Canaanites were living in the city-state during the time of Joshua and his conquest recorded in the Bible, and Hazor, which was studied by Yigal Yadin, a Hebrew nationalist who worked in 1950 with the support of the newly formed Israeli government to establish an historical argument for the presence of Israel on what had previously been Palestinian land (Cline 42-45). Kenyon was asked to revisit the location of the ruins of Jericho, bringing her advanced excavation techniques to clarify whether there was any evidence of Jericho falling to Joshua’s army as recorded in the Bible. By a thoroughly cataloged review of pottery found in the site, Kenyon concluded that the city had fallen at least a thousand years previous to the time of Joshua’s military campaign. Indeed, the lack of any pottery from the Late Bronze Age led her to conclude that the city was completely uninhabited since 1550 BCE (Cline 41). Her lack of commitment to the Biblical narrative led to her conclusions.
In contrast, Yadin enjoyed Israel’s new prime minister’s blessing following the Six-Year War to work hard to uncover what could be discovered at Hazor, a Middle and Late Bronze Age Canaanite city that, much like Tel Aphek was an earthen mound with a fortification atop. Unlike the uninhabited Jericho, Hazor did have supporting evidence of destruction from the Joshua era as the strata dating to the thirteenth century BCE had evidence of ash and man-made destruction as well as a casement wall (Cline 44-45). These dates aligned with Joshua’s Biblical narrative with more certainty, as his campaign was recorded as traveling through Megiddo, Gezer, and Hazor. Yadin also worked on excavations at Megiddo, where he discovered an arch in a lower stratum, which he attributed to a palace of King Solomon. His intention to use archaeological discoveries to lend more credibility to Biblical accounts and thus validate the current Jewish position in Israel led him to seek similar arches in Gezer, Megiddo, and Jerusalem. These places were all mentioned in the biblical narrative as having been inhabited during Solomon’s reign and thus would be obvious locations to dig. Yadin did indeed find these arches in place underneath the foundation of Assyrian fortifications. In fact, there is evidence that the foundations discovered in Megiddo were even from the Age of King David (Mazar 382).
Which conclusions are correct? Just because someone comes to the site with preconceptions for what will be found there, it’s not necessarily a coincidence that the predicted discoveries were found. There are more ways than just digging until the team discovers a foundation of a building to corroborate a find in any excavation site. Sometimes a stratum will have unexpected material culture embedded within it; for example, Egyptian Scarabs are all over the Levant from different ages. The names of the Pharaohs written on the scarabs can help to date locations. Cult objects found in a location, like burial sarcophagus or idols set in places of worship, can be used to place a people group. Radiocarbon dating can verify the date of a site when organic material is present. Written records from outside the region but set in the same era can also prove a location, such as references to the House of David written on cuneiform tablets or Egyptian etchings of the King of Israel losing the battle to the Pharaoh.
Every once in a while, the object on Antiques Roadshow is an authentic artifact matching the family lore that followed from generation to generation as they passed the item along. But whenever that authentic item is appraised, the professional uses multiple clues for verification. That chipped paint, the crackle in the oil paint, the stamp in the base of the ceramic jar, these clues all point to the history of the piece in question. Likewise, when a site is uncovered in the Levant, no matter how tempting it is to attribute that location or artifact to the people group you hoped were responsible for its presence in the excavated unit, multiple methods of verification are required to make the case. Just because Yadin had a political purpose in finding evidence of Israelite sites, it does not discredit the actual discovery of Iron Age structures that match the biblical narrative of the Solomon era. Even at its most significant numbers, the Tribes of
Israel were always a minority in the region. Even at locations where most people agree the Israelites were the inhabitants, the cultic practices often mirrored their neighboring people groups blurring the lines between the people of YHWH and Canaanites, Assyrians, Philistines, or Egyptians. With so many competing goals for the research in the Levant and so many years of history layered one on top of the other, it is impressive we can say we know anything discovered for sure.
Cline, Eric H. Biblical Archaeology: a Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2009.
Gadot, Yuval, and Esther Yadin. “Aphek-Antipatris II- The Remains on the Acropolis.” Emery and Claire Yass, Publications in Archaeology, 2009.
Mazar, Amihai. Archaeology of the Land of the Bible: 10000-586 B.C.E. Yale University Press, 2009.
Serenity 1 Video, Hotel Gacka, Gacka, Croatia
Gacka, Croatia (May 21)
Sometimes you’re driving down a little country road in a place far, far away and bam…
“You are a king. Live alone. Take a free road
And follow where your free mind leads you,
Bring to perfection the fruits of well-loved thoughts
Ask no reward for noble deeds accomplished.
Rewards are within you. Your supreme judge is yourself.
None will ever judge your work more sternly.
Discriminating artist, does it please you?”
St. John the Baptist Church by Lake Bohinj
Church of the Mother of God on the Lake, Bled, Slovenia (May 21)
Church of the Mother of God on the Lake, Bled, Slovenia (May 21)
Second time back to see Jože Plečnik’s house/museum. Died 1957 at the age of 84. It is strange to say that an architect has heavily influenced my thinking, but there it is, he has and does. He was an artist-poet-architect as Heidegger was a philosopher-poet. I am grateful to both men. A woman-friend asked Plečnik to marry her written in a letter. He replied, “I am already married to my architecture.”
Stara Fuzina, Slovenia (May 21)
Iseltwald, CH (May 21)
Lake Konstanz, CH (May 21)
Lake Konstanz, CH (May 21)
Faces of Palestine
Written by Caitlin Johnstone
“Twenty-four people, including nine children, were killed in Gaza overnight, most of them in Israeli strikes,” reads a new report from AP.
Nine children, killed with the help of United States funding to the tune of $3.8 billion a year.
Remember kids, the US loves Muslims and just wants to protect their human rights.
“I am not aware of any Israeli who has been killed. And you ask me a question about ‘violence’ and ‘condemnation’? Did you see the images of the nine children being dissipated in Gaza tonight? … We are sick and tired of the double standards.” – @hzomlotpic.twitter.com/YJHdSCWeAs
— Ammar Kazmi 🇵🇸 (@AmmarKazmi_) May 11, 2021
The Monday night airstrikes were in response to rocket attacks by Gaza resistance groups which had reportedly injured six Israelis, and those rocket attacks were in turn were a response to a deluge of Israeli police brutality footage in Jerusalem in preceding days. Electronic Intifada reports:
This came at the end of a day of violence that began in occupied East Jerusalem, where Israeli forces assaulted worshippers at the al-Aqsa mosque compound, injuring hundreds.
Scenes of brutality in Jerusalem generated outrage and solidarity among Palestinians and around the world.
The military wing of the Palestinian resistance organization Hamas issued an ultimatum giving Israel an hour – until 6 pm local time – to withdraw its forces from al-Aqsa and the occupied East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah, and free detainees.
When the deadline passed, resistance groups in Gaza fired volleys of rockets towards Jerusalem for the first time since the summer 2014 war, prompting celebrations from some Palestinians.
The mass media are working furiously to spin this in a way that rivals my satire piece from the other day. The New York Times has been cartoonishly re-writing its own reporting in a desperate attempt to make Israel look like an innocent victim of unprovoked attacks instead of the obvious aggressor against people protesting a brutal apartheid regime backed by an entire empire. The New York Post falsely reported that the deaths on Monday were caused by “Airstrikes from Hamas militants” (when did Hamas get an air force?) when sharing an article which falsely implied that those fatalities were inflicted by both sides. DW News framed its headline in a way that suggested the nine children killed had been involved in “fighting” against Israeli forces, and the word “clashes” is being thrown about willy nilly to describe a very one-sided assault.
But it isn’t working.
Social media is teeming with viral video footage of police assaulting peaceful worshippers in the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, of Israelis cheering and chanting “Yimach shemam (may their names be erased)” at the sight of a fire near the mosque, of Israeli soldiers arresting Palestinian protesters using the signature knee-on-neck maneuver made famous by the murder of George Floyd, many of which have millions of views. Mainstream politicians on both sides of the Atlantic are putting out statements explicitly condemning Israel as the aggressor in these attacks, and the White House is facing some actual adversarial journalism for once regarding its refusal to denounce the killing of Palestinian children and its absurd position that Palestinians have no right to defend themselves.
This is the most mainstream that criticism of Israeli apartheid oppression has ever been in my lifetime, and as more and more mainstream human rights groups begin acknowledging the reality of that oppression it’s only getting more so.
Whenever I say something critical of Israel I always get readers saying “Oh man, you’re going to get attacked so bad for this, dissent on Israel is not tolerated,” but quite honestly that hasn’t been my experience at all and I think it’s an outdated perception. In the few years I’ve been at this commentary gig I’ve found I get far more aggressive pushback when I criticize establishment narratives regarding Russia or China, or even Syria and Venezuela, than I do when I criticize Israel. The pushback is there of course, but it’s not nearly as virulent as what I’m used to.
There are a lot of factors contributing to the growing awareness of Israel’s brutality, but I think the main reason is very simple: there are only so many viral videos of unconscionable acts that can be dismissed with “Actually this is way more complicated than it looks.” It is not more complicated than it looks. Clearly. It looks bad because it is bad.
At a recent video appearance for the International Festival of Whistleblowing, Dissent and Accountability, Israel-based journalist Jonathan Cook described the changes he’s seen as smartphones and internet access made Palestinians less dependent on the work of sympathetic activists and gave them the ability to directly share footage of their own abuse. Cook says the following:
Sadly most corporate journalists paid little attention to the work of these activists. In any case, their role was quickly snuffed out. That was partly because Israel learnt that shooting a few of them served as a very effective deterrent, warning others to keep away.
But it was also because as technology became cheaper and more accessible – eventually ending up in mobile phones that everyone was expected to have – Palestinians could record their own suffering more immediately and without mediation.
Israel’s dismissal of the early, grainy images of the abuse of Palestinians by soldiers and settlers – as “Pallywood” (Palestinian Hollywood) – became ever less plausible, even to its own supporters. Soon Palestinians were recording their mistreatment in high definition and posting it directly to YouTube.
Seeing is believing, and a video is difficult to narrative manage. The dominant narrative is no longer solely in the hands of propaganda outlets like The New York Times which can spin everything that happens with a pro-Israel slant, it’s being spread all over the internet in a medium that is far more objective than print.
This is so effective because, unlike so many other ugly aspects of the US-centralized power alliance, Israeli apartheid is not some covert government operation being run by highly trained agents and manipulators. Those responsible for carrying out its day-to-day abuses are just ordinary civilians, police and soldiers who have not been trained on the sinister craft of perception management. Who aren’t acutely aware that it’s bad optics to tell a Palestinian family on camera that if you don’t steal their house then someone else will. Who don’t have bad PR at the forefront of their attention when they’re cheering as they shoot Palestinian protesters. Who just react to the racist nationalist propaganda they’ve been ingesting all their lives instead of considering how difficult it will be to narrative manage a video of them cheering and chanting “may their names be erased” at the sight of flames.
Hard to capture how deeply horrifying this video is. Thousands of Israeli Jews singing about revenge, chanting "Yimach shemam (may their names be erased)," dancing as a fire burns on the Temple Mount.
This is genocidal animus towards Palestinians — emboldened and unfiltered. https://t.co/ftmdMw8BUR
— Simone Zimmerman 🔥 (@simonerzim) May 10, 2021
Awareness is spreading of Israeli apartheid brutality for the same reason awareness is spreading of US police brutality: the internet combined with smartphone cameras. Seeing is believing. Seeing brings change.
This is why the powerful are working so hard to censor the internet. If they can’t control what our dominant narratives are going to be, they will not be able to rule us.
Will they succeed? Jonathan Cook’s aforementioned speech concludes with some words of hope and encouragement:
The establishment are being forced into a game of whack-a-mole with us. Each time they bully or dismantle a platform we use, another one – like Substack – springs up to replace it. That is because there will always be journalists determined to find a way to peek behind the curtain to tell us what they found there. And there will always be audiences who want to learn what is behind the curtain. Supply and demand are on our side.
The constant acts of intimidation and violence by political and media elites to crush media pluralism in the name of “democratic values” will serve only to further expose the hypocrisy and bad faith of the corporate media and its hired hands.
We must keep struggling because the struggle itself is a form of victory.
Wiesbaden, DE (May 21)
Kennedy Taking a Gelato Break on Market Day
I spent my college and graduate years studying ancient languages, hermeneutics, biblical studies, theology, Syro-Palestinian archaeology, and, of course, the history of “religious” art. Some pieces in particular captured my attention and imagination, and one of them is Matthias Grünewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece. It is in Colmar, France, and one of my goals is to see this work before I leave for the summer.
Palestinian Infant Sustains Punching-Related Injury In Violent Clash With Israeli Police
Written by Caitlin Johnstone
Johnstone, May 8, 2021
JERUSALEM — A four-month old Palestinian infant has sustained fist-related injuries to the face on Saturday during a violent clash with Israeli police officers.
Early reports are unclear whether the violence was instigated by the police or the baby girl. Also unknown is whether the child’s injuries were incurred by being struck or by attacking the officers’ fists with her face.
The knuckle-associated trauma occurred when violence broke out between the infant and several officers in riot gear in East Jerusalem, where clashes have been occurring due to rising anger over evictions of Palestinian families on land claimed by Jewish settlers. Both sides lay claim to the disputed properties, with the families arguing that the houses are their homes that they live in, and the settlers arguing that they were given the houses by decree in ancient scriptures authored by an invisible omnipotent deity.
Video footage of the incident went viral on social media minutes before being deleted from all platforms, leading to calls for peace from US officials.
“Very concerned about this violent clash, both sides should have de-escalated,” Vice President Kamala Harris said in a Twitter response to the video, adding, “Violence is never the answer, no matter your age.”
“We call on all babies to obey the rules-based international order,” added Secretary of State Antony Blinken.
Asked for comment on the incident during a Saturday interview with NNC’s Ray Theon, New York Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez said that “It’s not so much about the what of these happenings, but the how. Sometimes the how gets lost in the what, and then the what gets obscured by the why, and the why gets eaten by the who, and who even am I anyway? Who is anybody? Ultimately nobody knows. It’s a philosophical mystery, just like that incident with the baby.”
“Israel has a right to defend itself from terrorists of any developmental stage,” the Israel Police told NNC when asked for comment.
Les Overton, a senior fellow at the Washington-based think tank American-Israeli Center for Strategic Genocide, says both sides have been equally affected by this latest wave of violence, with Palestinians sustaining numerous fatalities and serious injuries and Israeli law enforcement suffering emotional discomfort and great inconvenience.
“It’s just a really perplexing situation,” Overton said. “On one hand you’ve got the Palestinians suffering under what more and more human rights groups are calling an ‘apartheid regime’, but on the other hand you’ve got the Israeli government and violent far-right extremists suffering from a desire to not have Palestinians living near them anymore. It’s hard to say who’s in the wrong here.”
“While Palestinians claim they have a right to live with basic human dignity in the homes they’ve spent their entire lives in, Israelis contend that those demands are invalidated by a religious text written thousands of years ago,” Overton added. “It’s a real pickle.”
“But let’s be real here,” Overton said. “Who among us, at some point in their lives, hasn’t needed to punch a baby in self-defense?”
Treis-Karden, Mosel Valley, Germany (Apr 21)
Treis-Karden, Mosel Valley, Germany (Apr 21)
“There are truths I haven’t even told God. And not even myself. I am a secret under the lock of seven keys. Please spare me. I am so alone. I and my rituals.”
C Lispector, Brasília
Lower Mosel Valley, Germany (Apr 2021) 5D M3 Bernkastel-Kues, DE
Lower Mosel Valley, Germany (Apr 2021) 5D M3 Cochem, DE
Lower Mosel Valley, Germany (Apr 2021)
“God picks up the reed-flute world and blows,
Each note is a need coming through one of us,
a passion, a longing-pain.
Remember the lips
where the wind-breath originated,
and let your note be clear.
Don’t try to end it.
Be your note.
I’ll show you how it’s enough.”
Jelaluddin Balkhi, “Rumi”
“Let me explain a couple of things. Time is short. That’s the first thing. For the weasel, Time is a weasel. For the hero, Time is heroic. If you’re gentle, your Time is gentle. If you’re in a hurry, Time flies. Time is a servant, if you are its master. Time is your god, if you are its dog. We are the creators of Time, the victims of Time, and the killers of Time. Time is timeless. That’s the second thing. You are the clock, Cassiel.” Emit Flesti, Wim Wenders, Faraway So Close
Chapel of Hildegard of Bingen Abby, Bingen, DE (Mar 17, 2021)
“And the messenger of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. Moses looked, and behold, the bush was burning, but it was not consumed.” Ex 3
Abby of Hildegard of Bingen (Mar 2021)
“To me, this is one of the biggest ethical questions of our time.”
It’s time religion-biblical-theological organizations, churches, schools, seminaries, and so-called “anti-colonial” scholars in these fields reckon with the Palestinians and their outright devastation. It remains strange to me that religion-biblical-theological scholars carry the flag bravely into the fray in the name of justice–until the issue of the Palestinians. Hear those crickets? Yeah, I don’t even hear the crickets. What’s wrong–Bibi got your tongue?
It is no longer a debate, and everyone who remains in silence participates in the ethnic cleansing and genocide of an entire people and culture in 2021. Have you ever said to yourself, “My God, I wish I had been alive during the Holocaust! I would have done something?” No, you wouldn’t because you’re turning a blind eye now. Tenure? Never even been to Palestine? West Bank? Gaza? Went on some cutesy “Israel” trip orchestrated by masters of propaganda? Afraid of outright racists calling you a racist? Seriously? Afraid of being called “anti-semitic” because Israeli semites are colonizing Palestinian semites?
@SBL @AAR/SBL Southeast @AAR @ASOR
Der Himmel über Berlin
Theme 4: Wisdom Literature: Living the Good Life. Bringing poetry to chaos, complaint to injustice. Answering questions that can’t be answered but must be asked. Having our own vine and fig tree. God is not a genie who removes the chaos and tragedies of life. Bringing beauty, justice, and relationship to an ugly world. We can be whole without being cured. Embracing the pain and the wounds. Felix culpa. Bles-sed wound.
This week we take on one of our most important themes essential to Christianity: God is One and Incomprehensible. This one rocks a few worlds. Yesterday in lecture we talked about Moses at the burning bush and learning the “name” of God which is not really a name. We learned that God is a verb–not a noun. Hayah. “I be who I be.” We learned that we can know God and understand certain things about God, but humans will never comprehend God. Go Latin on me here. Deus absconditus. Indeed. This begins in Judaism–it took a few centuries or 5. And this becomes foundational to Christianity also. And Michael Martin Hudson wrote another great Question of the Week prompt. And Sydney gave a great interpretation of our theme of the week and schooled these youngsters on proper formatting. This is King–we present professional papers and begin Freshman year. The older I get, the more I need smart, young translators.
Question of the week 5_God is One and Incomprehensible: Michael Martin Hudson